MYTH: It is your fault, because you didn’t submit enough.
TRUTH : Submission doesn’t prevent abuse. If there is abuse, commanding more submission makes things worse, not better.
This myth, used almost exclusively against women, says your marriage is in trouble because you aren’t a submissive wife. If you did everything your husband wanted, your marriage would be great.
Women who have been taught this myth and internalized it often become trapped in dangerous marriages; they believe that the Bible says women must submit to their husbands in everything and always put his preferences and desires first, obeying him no matter what. Some wives have been taught that headship means that only the husband can make major decisions—or in some cases, all decisions.
One woman had been taught to “submit in all things” and handed over all responsibility to her husband—
I was better with money than he was, but I still didn’t give my opinion about all of the financial decisions, because I thought it was my role to be submissive.
We got into financial trouble. He was desperate for my advice, but my [faith tradition’s] teaching didn’t allow me to give it. I made him decide. Only his vote for restaurants mattered. I gave up having an opinion.
[We were taught that godly wives] make their husbands make all the decisions and then blame him for the results.
She was taught that her husband must make all decisions, and
that this was the best way to show him respect. So, when the husband makes a bad decision, wives are taught they cannot advise, correct, or contradict their husband, and that it is godly for a husband to bear all the responsibility for bad decisions.
Under this myth, it’s the husband’s fault when his ideas make the family go off the rails. Wives are powerless to stop train wrecks that hurt the family; they have no control over their own life, no voice, and no veto ability that allows them to say “Stop!”
The truth, however, is different. What the Bible teaches is mutual submission, cooperation, love, and partnership, in which both the husband and the wife have an important say in the marriage and family.
Many Christians don’t realize that Ephesians 5:22 does not use the word “submit.” The Greek wording in this verse literally reads, “Wives, to your husbands as to the Lord.”
“Submit” only appears in verse 21, where all believers are commanded to submit to one another (not just wives to husbands). Even here, the word submit is not the same Greek word as the word for obey . And the Greek word kephalē (“head”) is never used to mean leader, chief person, or authority. It means “origin, beginning, or source.”
In addition, there is—
- nothing about the husband leading and the wife following
- nothing about the husband making all the decisions or having the final say
- nothing about wives obeying (in contrast, in the next part of
- Ephesians, children are told to obey)
- nothing about the husband speaking for God
- nothing about God always supporting or defending a husband’s decisions 
Most importantly, just one verse before, the Scripture says, “Submit to one another out of reverence for Christ” (Ephesians 5:21, NIV). And Ephesians 5:1-2 says that all followers of Jesus should love.
Submission isn’t just for wives.
Submission is a behavior for all Christians.
As one scholar put it, “Sacrificial love isn’t just for husbands (Ephesians 5:1-2, 21).” How can anyone talk about submission without mentioning verses like these, which show a two-way street?
Jesus and Paul also teach—in two passages—that their followers are not to “lord it over” one another, meaning not wielding authority over others and controlling people (Matthew 20:25 and 1 Peter 5:3).
So whom do we obey in life? We obey God!
We ought to obey God rather than men.
— Acts 5:29 (NKJV)
For there is one God and one mediator between God and mankind, the man Christ Jesus… —1 Timothy 2:5 (NIV)
We are always to put God first. We are to have “no other gods before him,” as the Ten Commandments say—and that includes a husband.
Most of the time, husbands and wives support and love each other. But when one spouse does not—for example, when a husband wishes to do something that is sinful and destructive to his family and to himself—it is the other spouse’s duty (in this case, the wife’s duty) to protect herself and their children.
If a woman chooses to marry, it’s her job to be a good partner and companion, mutually following Christ together with her husband.
Throughout Scripture, we see wives advising husbands, and (in the case of danger) wives courageously taking initiative to protect the family.
- Zipporah, the wife of Moses, took action to save his life when he did not know what God wanted him to do (Exodus 4).
- Deborah, a prophet of God and a judge in Israel who the Bible says was leading the country, commanded the military to protect her people (Judges 4).
- Abigail saved the lives of her family and servants by disobeying her husband, Nabal. She was rewarded for her wisdom. She is the only woman in the Bible called both beautiful and intelligent (some Bible translations say “clever”) (1 Samuel 25).
- Samson’s mother was visited by an angel who announced her son’s birth. Samson’s father didn’t believe it and wanted the angel to tell him directly. The angel repeated everything and said, “Your wife must do all that I have told her” (Judges 13:13, NIV). Later, Samson’s father made an incorrect statement about the angel who visited him. His wife gave him a wiser interpretation (Judges 13:23).
- Ruth told Boaz he should redeem her and the land (Ruth 3).
- Abraham was told by God to listen to his wife, Sarah (Genesis 21:12).
- Esther’s husband, the King, wanted to kill her people, but she knew she must risk her life, be brave, and concoct a plan to persuade him to change his mind.
One wife said —
I put my husband above God. I shut God out for 8 years. God would tell me to share [my situation with others], but I didn’t. Doing this made me not responsible for my own choices. We went to a conference together, and I repented that I put my husband above God as I had been taught by Bill Gothard. I started hearing from God again.
In the words of a woman who was homeschooled and raised in the Mennonite culture:
I read a book that said if the woman does her part, her husband will eventually come around and everything will be OK. I also read the “love and respect” book. That taught me that if I just respected my husband more, he would love me more. It taught my husband that if I just respected him more, he would automatically love me more. These false teachings were devastating to our marriage. I believed so strongly in submission that in many ways I feel like I created a monster. Here I had done the right thing, and God’s promises didn’t happen. My husband slept with prostitutes, he went to strip clubs, he got lap dances, and he physically abused me. I was so angry with God. It’s like God said to me, “You’re angry at me; go get angry at your husband. I’m not the one who screwed up; he is the one that screwed up. Go get angry at him.” I felt that God had just had enough of it.
I moved in with my parents. My siblings were all completely on board. They thought it was completely the right thing to do to leave and divorce my husband. But it was tough on my mother… I realized I had to let my mother have her own feelings.
For people from conservative faith backgrounds, nobody expects to go through divorce. My parents do a lot of pastoral care counseling, but they are not trained counselors. The funny thing is, now that they have a daughter who is divorced, they have people coming up to them asking them how to handle situations… [One] pastor called my dad and said, “There is a person in our church, and we just don’t know what to do.” So my dad is giving them some advice on how to handle it. When your book comes out, I would like for them to be able to give it to people.
Ephesians 5:21-33 describes the responsibilities for marriage, love, and submission. For believers, there is to be mutual submission (v. 21), with wives and husbands showing each other this submission as to the
Lord, sacrificially, as Christ does for the Church (vs. 22, 25). Six times husbands are called to love their wives (vs. 25, 28, 33), feeding and caring for them like the husband cares for himself (vs. 28-29), and the wife is called to respect him (v. 33).
1 Marg Mowczko, “Kephalē and ‘Male Headship’ in Paul’s Letters,” MargMowczko.com (9/18/11), accessed 08/13/19, https://margmowczko.com/kephale-and-male-headship-in-pauls-letters/. Mowczko’s article goes on to say that if kephalē (“head”) did mean leader or chief person in Eph. 5:22, why does the Apostle Paul talk about husbands sacrificing and loving their wives rather than leading them? Also of note: 1 Corinthians 11:3 is not about marriage or husbands and wives.
The Bible Doesn't Say "God hates Divorce"—it's not in the Hebrew text